What should you know before choosing a sunscreen?

Anti-UV protection is a topic that returns every year with the first rays of the sun, although it should definitely accompany us ALL YEAR ROUND. It is very important to use cosmetics that protect our skin from the sun, because UV radiation, emitted by the sun, reaches the earth 365 days a year (including just 366 ;-)). In summer, it is the strongest, but this does not mean that in the remaining months it is not harmful to our skin. This article is about why you should protect yourself and what to protect yourself. We invite you to read!

Types of sunscreens

There are two types of sunscreen, taking into account the type of protection. Each of them will certainly find opponents as well as supporters, it all depends on preferences. That is why, so that you can choose consciously, I have prepared a short description of each of these two groups.

Mineral (physical) filters, the most famous of which are Zinc Oxide and Titanium Dioxide. They are sun protection substances that remain on the skin and reflect UV radiation like "mirrors". They remain stable in the sun and, when used together, protect the skin with full spectrum (UVA + UVB). The disadvantage of mineral filters, which their users often talk about, is bleaching and heavy consistency. However, in this case, it all depends on the interior, i.e. other ingredients contained in the formula, and the amount of SPF. If the composition of the cosmetic includes good-quality ingredients that facilitate the distribution of cosmetics and provide a coating for the filters, thus not weakening their effect, the cream is well applied, does not roll under makeup and does not whiten. Mineral filters do not irritate the skin and are recommended for allergy sufferers, people with hypersensitivity to the skin, pregnant women, children, as well as for skin diseases such as atopic dermatitis, psoriasis or eczema. It is very important to pay attention to "nano" mineral filters, they are usually marked in the product composition in this way. More and more studies confirm that the particles are so small that they can enter the body through damaged skin. So far, research is ongoing and more information on this subject will probably follow in a few years.

Chemical filters are substances that do not reflect radiation, but absorb it and convert light energy into heat. Their advantages include the consistency that is light and well absorbed. However, this type of protection is much more complicated, if only because you should remember to apply it about 20-30 minutes before sun exposure. In addition, chemical filters are much more likely to cause skin allergies and irritation, especially if you have sensitive skin. When choosing a protective cream, also pay attention to what substance (filter) it contains. You should avoid penetrating filters, which include: Ethylhexyl Methoxycinnamate, Benzophenone-3, Benzophenone-4, Octyl Methoxycinnamate, 4- Methylbenzylidene Camphor, Homosalate, Octyl Dimethyl PABA, Butyl Methoxydibenzoylmethane (Avobenzene.), Octocrylene.

And if you already decide on a cream with a chemical filter, choose from these: Diethylamino Hydroxybenzoyl Hexyl Benzoate, Ethylhexyl Triazone, Ethylhexyl Salicylate, Bis-Ethylhexyloxyphenol Methoxyphenyl Triazine, Diethylhexyl Butamido Triazone, Terephenyl Sulfene Acidamphoryl Sulfide

Protection against UVA and UVB

If you've already chosen the right filter for you, be it mineral or chemical, pay attention to the spectrum of protection it gives you, namely whether it protects you against both UVA and UVB rays. This is very important because you need to know that it is not enough to protect the skin against burns caused by the so-called short wave of radiation, i.e. UVB. We distinguish between UVA radiation, which accounts for 95% of the radiation reaching the ground and is present even on cloudy days, all year round. It causes photoaging of the skin, sun allergies, discoloration and cancer. While UVB (against which the vast majority of sunscreen creams protect) is only 5% of radiation, which is responsible for sunburn, tan and, similarly to UVA, for skin cancer. That is why it is so important to choose cosmetics that protect the full spectrum from radiation, both against UVA and UVB.

Our sunscreen with SPF 25 LADY SUNSHINE is designed to protect against both UVA and UVB rays. It contains zinc oxide (Zinc Oxide) - protecting against both types of radiation, and titanium dioxide (Titanium Dioxide) - protecting against UVB radiation. According to the regulations in force, information on whether the cosmetic protects not only against UVB, but also UVA, should be on the packaging. So pay attention to whether the products you use have a full range of protection - both against UVA and against UVB.

The type of skin and the type of UV filter

There are a lot of myths about SPF and their application to different skin types, which unfortunately are still repeated. My favorite is that mineral filters should not be used on oily and acne-prone skin ... I would not look at the filters themselves, but the general composition of the cream. If it contains oils, e.g. coconut, argan, etc., they can actually leave a shiny, greasy layer, but I would not demonize all such cosmetics. The truth is that chemical filters are much more likely to irritate sensitive and overactive skin than mineral skin. In addition, the most important are the individual preferences of the skin, which can react differently in summer than in winter or spring, so even if a cosmetic with SPF for the face did not work, e.g. during a holiday trip, it is worth returning to it in the fall, perhaps when the sun will be less. you can use it up.

Remember that more important than what type of filter you choose is that you use it at all! Of course, it is always worth reading the compositions and choosing the safe, natural ones, but the first criterion should always be anti-UV protection.


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